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CHILE

The member countries of the Pacific Alliance have much to offer, take a quick glimpse of Chile.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Chile

OFFICIAL NAME: Chile.

CAPITAL CITY: Santiago.

LAND AREA: 756,096 kms².

POPULATION: 18,006,407**

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Spanish.

INDEPENDENCE: September 18th , 1810

POLITICAL SYSTEM

Chile is a democratic republic ruled by the prevailing Political Constitution (1980). Its political system is formed by three powers: Executive (chaired by the President of the Republic) Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives) and Judicial (Courts of law).

ECONOMY

Chile is a high ranked emerging economy in the Latin America region and one of the best acknowledged worldwide.

Diverse international organizations have recognized the country’s sustained economic growth, as well as its progress regarding social development. Actually, in 2010, Chile was the first South American nation to become member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Fiscal discipline constitutes an important part of the Chilean economy solid foundations. Fiscal accounts in the country have remained stable through time and economic annual growth in the last three years has been in average 3.8%. Annual inflation in December 2015 was 4.4%.

Nowadays, Chile has 25 trade agreements with 64 markets, representing 63.3 % of the world population and 85.3 % of global GDP.

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TRADE 2015

  •             IMPORTS
                63.039 million dollars

  •             EXPORTS
                63.362 million dollars

                NOMINAL GDP
                258.160 million dollars *

                GDP PER CAPITA
                13.792,93 million dollars

                COMMERCIAL EXCHANGE
                126.401 million dollars

                FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
                22.002 million dollars

*2014
** INE projection to 2015
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MAIN ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

SERVICES (74%)
MINING (11.2%)
INDUSTRY (11.3%)
FARMING (3%)
FISHING (0.3%)

COLOMBIA

The member countries of the Pacific Alliance have much to offer, take a quick glimpse of Colombia.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Colombia

OFFICIAL NAME: Colombia.

CAPITAL CITY: Bogotá.

LAND AREA: 1’141.749 km2.

POPULATION: 48,740,672

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Spanish.

INDEPENDENCE: July 20th 1810

POLITICAL SYSTEM

Colombia is a Unitarian republic with political centralization and administrative decentralization, governed by the applicable political Constitution of 1991 and is divided into three branches: the executive, the legislative and the judicial branch. The President serves as both head of state and head of government. The Republic Congress is a bicameral parliament composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Representatives. The Colombian judicial system includes the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Justice Court, the Council of State and Superior Council of Judicature.

ECONOMY

For its stability and significant growth, Colombia has emerged as one of the countries with greater economic stability in the region. In the past six years has grown on average above 4 % which, coupled with a conducive business environment, qualified human talent, incentives and quality of life, make it an excellent place to invest. Colombia currently has trade agreements that allow the country to have preferential access to about 1,500 million consumers in major markets.

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TRADE 2015

  •             IMPORTS
                54.058 Million dollars

  •             EXPORTS
                35.691 Million dollars

                NOMINAL GDP
                292.091 Million dollars

                GDP PER CAPITA
                5.805,61 Million dollars

                COMMERCIAL EXCHANGE 2014
                89.749 Million dollars

                FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
                12.108 Million dollars
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MAIN ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES 2015

OTHER ACTIVITIES (21.2%)
FINANCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS (21.0%)
SERVICES ACTIVITIES (18.2%)
TRADE (13.1%)
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY (12.2%)
MINING (7.5%)
AGRICULTURE (6.8%)

MEXICO

The member countries of the Pacific Alliance have much to offer, take a quick glimpse of Mexico.

GENERAL INFORMATION

México

OFFICIAL NAME: United Mexican States.

CAPITAL CITY: Mexico City.

LAND AREA: 1,964,375 km ².

POPULATION: 119,530,753

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Spanish.

INDEPENDENCE: September 16th 1810

POLITICAL SYSTEM

Mexico is a democratic republic, that is governed by the current Political Constitution (1917) and it is organized into three powers of the State: Executive (headed by the President), Legislative (Senate and Chamber of Deputies) and the Judiciary (Supreme Court of Justice, Electoral Tribunal, collegiate tribunals and unitary circuit court and district courts).

ECONOMY

Mexico has positioned itself as the 14th economy with a GDP accounting for 1.7 % of the world total. In Mexico, the foreign trade amounts to 60 % of GDP and petroleum products, manufactured goods, mining metallurgy, metal household goods, automobiles, agricultural products and photographic equipment. Mexico is one of the most open countries to international trade, with preferential access to over 1.1 billion potential consumers. Mexico imports metalworking machines , steel products , agricultural machinery , electrical equipment, car parts for assembly , repair parts for motor vehicle parts , aircraft and aircraft parts .

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TRADE 2015

  •             IMPORTS
                395.2 billion dollars

  •             EXPORTS
                380.7 billion dollars

                NOMINAL GDP
                1,144 billion dollars

                GDP PER CAPITA
                8.201,31 millions

                COMMERCIAL EXCHANGE 2014
                776 billion dollars

                FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
                30.3 millions
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MAIN ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY (17%)
TRANSPORT – MAIL AND STORAGE (6%)
CONSTRUCTION (7%)
TRADE (16%)
REAL STATE (12%)
MINING (7%)

PERU

The member countries of the Pacific Alliance have much to offer, take a quick glimpse of Peru.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Perú

OFFICIAL NAME: Peru.

CAPITAL CITY: Lima.

LAND AREA: 1,285,216 kms².

POPULATION: 31,151,643

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Spanish.

INDEPENDENCE: July 28th, 1821.

POLITICAL SYSTEM

Peru is a democratic republic, governed by the current Constitution (December 19th, 1993). It is organized around three branches of government: executive, headed by the President of the Republic; legislative, with a 130-seat single chamber; and judicial, headed by a Supreme Court.

ECONOMY

The Peruvian economy has grown an average of 5.9 % annually over the past decade due in part to the increase of private investment , especially in the mining sector, which accounts for over 60 % of Peru ‘s total exports . The country has an exchange rate slightly appreciated and, by 2016 the Central Bank expects inflation will be 2.9 %, the lowest in Latin America. The rapid expansion of Peru and investment have helped to reduce national poverty rate by 33 percentage points between 2005 and 2015 . Peru has a wide range of important mineral resources found in mountainous and coastal areas, as well as excellent fishing resources in their coastal waters. Among its main trading partners are: China, USA, Canada and Japan.

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TRADE 2015

  •             IMPORTS
                37.031 million dollars

  •             EXPORTS
                33.593 million dollars

                NOMINAL GDP
                192.141 million dollars

                GDP PER CAPITA
                6.405,65 million dollars

                COMMERCIAL EXCHANGE 2014
                70.623 million dollars

                FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
                8.750 million dollars
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MAIN ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

OTHER ACTIVITIES (50.8%)
TRADE (11.2%)
MANUFACTURING (14.2%)
CONSTRUCTION (6.8%)
AGRICULTURE (5.3%)
MINING (11.7%)